With colon cancer being one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States, it’s important for every man and woman over the age of 50 to undergo the colonoscopy procedure.
During a colonoscopy, a gastroenterologist will insert a small tube about the thickness of a finger into the anus to examine the lining of the colon and rectum. If any polyps are found, they will be removed with electrical heat through the colonoscope. A biopsy will likely be taken for further analysis.
If there are no issues, a follow-up colonoscopy will need to be scheduled in 10 years. If polyps are found, then a follow up colonoscopy will likely be needed in 5-10 years.
Since a sedative is used to make you feel relaxed a sleepy, you should feel little to no pain during the procedure, and should have someone drive you home from your appointment, as you will still be drowsy from the medication.